Periodontal disease causes problems with the gums and bone support of your teeth. This shows up as bleeding, red and swollen gum tissue. It is caused by plaque and calculus that is not removed, which allows for the destruction of the gums and bone.
Periodontal disease is the number one reason for the loss of teeth. Also, research suggests that there may be a link between periodontal disease and other diseases including: stroke, diabetes, bacterial pneumonia, increased risk during pregnancy and cardiovascular disease. Smoking increases the risk of periodontal disease.
Reducing the risk of developing periodontal disease can be accomplished by good oral hygiene, reducing acidic food and drink, and routine dental visits.
Signs and Symptoms
- Red and swollen gums
- Increasing spacing between teeth
- Loose teeth
- Receding gums
- Persistent bad breath
- Pus at the gum line
- Discomfort and tenderness in the gum tissue